Sri Lanka- Civil Society standing on attacks and reprisals against peaceful protesters

(Lanka-e-News -29.July.2022, 4.30PM)  We, the undersigned individuals and organizations strongly condemn the ongoing attacks including violence, false labeling and legal reprisals against unarmed peaceful protesters by the Sri Lankan government. We call for an immediate end to reprisals against those exercising their constitutionally protected rights to advocate for change.

We are extremely concerned by disturbing developments of abduction, arrest, intimidation, and reprisals against protesters that have been ongoing and increased over the past several days. On 25th July, media reported that Colombo Magistrate Court had issued a travel ban on Fr. Jeevantha and several other prominent human rights defenders involved in the protests and on 27th July, a church was visited by local police, who had told the priest resident there that they had received orders from Colombo to arrest Fr. Jeevantha. On 26th July, a person involved in protests at the Galle Face was arrested from a flight that was about to leave from the Bandaranaike International Airport, after he had legally cleared immigration. Uniformed police officers and reasons for arrest was only given after protest by fellow passengers.

On 27th July, Veranga Pushpika, an active protester at the Galle Face, a former student activist and journalist, was abducted from a bus in broad daylight by men in civil. Police had later acknowledged his arrest, but not given clear indication of his whereabouts to lawyers and the Human Rights Commission for several hours. Also on 27th July, four protesters who had handed over to the police large amounts of money found at the President’s House on 9th July were also arrested. Police had tried to obstruct lawyers from meeting these arrested persons. The same day (27 July) persons in civil claiming to be policemen had visited office of “Xposure News”, demanded the security guard to identify persons in photos and to see CCTV footage and monitored the entrance for around one hour. Xposure News had provided extensive coverage of the raid on Galle Face protest site and violence in nearby places and one of their journalists was amongst the journalists attacked in the early hours of 22nd July. Also on 27th July, a complaint had been made by the Young Journalists Association to the Human Rights Commission about imminent arrest of investigative journalist and human rights defender Tharindu Uduweragedera, who was summoned for questioning by the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) few weeks back.

The protests, on-going since around March 2021, as a result of the economic crisis are due to increasing public realization that the causes of the severe economic crisis leading to shortages of basic essentials including fuel, power, food and medicines are inextricable linked to government mismanagement and corruption. Hence, the protests, which have largely been peaceful, demand accountability and a change in the system of governance. The state response has been disproportionate use of force, threats, intimidation and legal reprisals against protesters and those believed to be leading or organizing the protests. The call for accountability and redress by victims and activists, and the corresponding state repression are not new to Sri Lanka - for years, survivors and human rights activists especially in the North and East of the country have been seeking justice and redress have been subject to violent repression.

On 21 July 2022, Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in as the Executive President of Sri Lanka. The appointment of Ranil Wickramasinghe as acting president and subsequently president, has led to increased repression of protests, protesters and those supporting protests. Ranil Wickremesinghe ascended to power following the resignation of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa who fled the country following protests that took place on 9 July.

Wickremesinghe, who did not win his seat in the General Election in 2020 but entered Parliament on the sole national list seat secured by the United National Party (UNP). Prior to his appointment as Prime Minister he praised the protests and following his appointment as Prime Minister in May 2022 by Gotabaya Rajapaksa assured protection to those protesting. However, since his appointment as President, Ranil Wickremesinghe has launched a campaign of deliberate mis- and disinformation, violence, negative labeling, and legal reprisals against protesters and civil society actors.

While he was Acting President he labeled protesters as “fascist” and “violent”; a trend that has continued since. Less than 24 hours after taking over as President, peaceful and unarmed protesters at the protest site in Colombo and in its environs including activists, journalists, LGBTIQ+ community, and people living with disabilities were brutally attacked by military, and men in unidentified uniforms; which included the assault of a BBC journalist by men in civilian clothing who were accompanying the armed forces. Tents and other properties belonging to protesters were destroyed and stolen. Protesters, including those injured, were not allowed to leave the site for several hours. Ambulances, journalists, lawyers, religious leaders were not allowed to reach the Galle Face. Lawyers, journalists and those videoing and photographing were also beaten, subjected to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and arrested. Several protest sites outside Colombo have also been attacked and other protest sites have been pressured to withdraw by the police. Such action could not have taken place without the knowledge and sanction of the highest authority. It is the President, as the Commander-in-Chief and the person who declared the State of Emergency, and the Commanders of the Tri Forces who bear ultimate responsibility for the attack.

The attack on 22 July took place while Sri Lanka is under a state of emergency promulgated by Wickremasinghe under Government Gazette No. 2289/40 under the Public Security Ordinance Chapter 40, empowering the military to undertake arrests, interrogate and detain persons as well as clear persons from public places. The declaration of the state of emergency itself is questionable and does not adhere to international standards that regulate the declaration and maintenance of a state of emergency. Further, many powers that should be exercised by the judiciary or should be subject to judicial oversight have been granted to the military without any independent oversight creating room for arbitrary and abusive use of the Regulations which violate many fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution. Declaration of emergency sent a chilling political message of intolerance of dissent followed by draconian emergency regulations, that can severely restrict and violate freedom of expression, assembly, movement and lead to arbitrary arrests and prolonged detentions. The president’s decision to declare emergency has been now been ratified by parliament, indicating that both the executive and legislature are now on repressive path.

In context of the climate of mis- and disinformation perpetuated by the government, it is critical to note the protesters had already handed over all buildings, except the Presidential Secretariat occupied following the protests on 9 July. A decision to vacate the Presidential Secretariat on the afternoon of 22 July had already been communicated publicly and reported widely in the media. Hence, the use of violence to remove persons from the site is an act of brutality aimed at creating a climate of fear and cannot be justified. While the police have justified the violent action by pointing to a court order that prevents a specific individual and his followers from a 50-metre radius of the statue of S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike statute at the site, the violence took place at sites several metres away from the main protest site. Moreover, video evidence clearly shows force was not used by the armed forces to enforce a court order or in self-defence because they approached or chased persons and brutally assaulted them. Hence, it was an attempt on the part of the state to escalate conflict and has resulted in increasing instability in the country, for which the government and Wickremasinghe as President are responsible. It should be noted that the attack was carried out at night without warning, and protestors fled leaving behind personal possessions, in addition to books from the public library at GGG.

We condemn outright the violence against peaceful protesters. We especially condemn the labeling and mis- and disinformation against those the state portrays as ‘leading and organizing’ protests despite the fact the protests do not have leadership. Despite this civil society activists, pro-democracy campaigners, journalists, human rights lawyers, and clergy have been attacked, arrested and labeled as violent fascist elements by the state in an attempt to suppress dissent. The language used by the government enables a culture of violence and could escalate the on-going political crisis. The most concerning and insidious strategy used by the state is the (ab)use of the law in an arbitrary and disproportionate manner to curtail citizens from exercising their fundamental rights.

We stand in solidarity with the protesters and those who are currently subject to various legal sanctions. We call for accountability for violence against protesters, including on 9 May and 22 July 2022. Legal cases pending against civic activists and sanction includingtravel bans/confiscation of travel documents of protesters and activists must be immediately rescinded.

Peaceful dissent is essential to sustaining democracy and, in context of the current crisis, international credibility. Strengthening political stability requires adherence to the rule of law and dialogue, not repression. The Sri Lankan state and the Wickremasinghe government must immediately cease the attacks on protesters and civic activists and those perpetrating violence against protestors should be held to account. Peaceful protest and defending human rights are not crimes. The government must remember and respect this.



1. Abiramy Sivalogananthan 
2. Ainslie Joseph - Convenor, People’s Movement for Good Governance 
3. Amali Wedagedara, Feminist Activist 
4. Amalini de Sayrah
5. Ambika Satkunanathan 
6. Ameer Faaiz
7. Aruni John
8. Ashila Dandeniya
9. B. Gowthaman
10. Bibiladeniye Mahanama Thero
11. Bishop Duleep de Chickera
12. Bishop Kenneth Fernando
13. Bishop Kumara Illangasinghe
14. Brian Bartholomeusz
15. C. Tozer
16. Catherine Mack 
17. Chami Samaraweera
18. Chamila Thushari 
19. Chandrika De Silva - Freelance Journalist 
20. Channaka Jayasinghe
21. Christopher Stephen
22. D. Viboo Balakrishnan
23. Damaris Wickremesekera 
24. Deanne Uyangoda
25. Deborah Philip
26. Deekshya Illangasinghe
27. Dilrukshi Handunnetti
28. Dinushika Dissanayake, Attorney-at-Law
29. Dr. Natasha Balendra
30. Dr. Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu
31. Dr. S.B. Dhanapala
32. Dr. Shermal Wijewardene 
33. Dr. Vinoth Ramachandra
34. Dushyanthi Mendis - University of Colombo
35. Dylan Perera 
36. Farah Mihlar
37. Ganga Jeewani Weliwatta - Actress, Poet, Social Activist
38. Geethika Dharmasinghe - Colgate University
39. Harindrini Corea, Attorney at Law
40. Hasanka Dilan
41. Hemasiri Perera
42. Herman Kumara 
43. Inthumathy Hariharathamotharan - Viluthu
44. Iromi Perera
45. J. Thayalini 
46. J. Varayalini 
47. Jake Oorloff
48. Jamunantha Sivanthan 
49. Janakie Abeywardane
50. Jayadeva Uyangoda, Professor Emeritus - University of Colombo
51. Jayanthi Kuru-Utumpala
52. Joanne Senn 
53. K. Hemalatha
54. K. Saththiyaseelan
55. K.J. Brito Fernando
56. K.S. Ratnavale
57. Kalani Subasinghe
58. Kaushalya Ariyarathne
59. Kumaran Nadesan 
60. L.W.R. Wickramasinghe
61. Lal Motha
62. Lal Wijenayake, General Secretary - United Left Power
63. Leisha Lawrence
64. Lekha Ratwatte
65. Lucille Abeykoon
66. M. Nirmalathevi
67. Marian Pradeepa 
68. Marisa de Silva
69. Maya McCoy
70. Melanie Manel Perera - Journalist
71. Mirak Raheem - Researcher and Activist 
72. Monica Alfred
73. Mujeeb Rahman, LLB
74. N. Arththigan 
75. N. V. Nugawela 
76. Nabeela Iqbal
77. Nagulan Nesiah 
78. Navayuga Kugarajah
79. Neil Priyantha Fernando 
80. Nicola Perera - University of Colombo
81. Nilshan Fonseka
82. Nirun Lashanga
83. Nishan de Mel - Economist
84. Niyanthini Kadirgamar 
85. P.N. Singham 
86. Pasan Jayasinghe
87. Philip Setunga
88. Prabu Deepan 
89. Prashan De Visser 
90. Preshi Remunahettige
91. Priyani Kellman
92. Prof. Arjuna Parakrama - University of Peradeniya
93. Prof. Camena Guneratne
94. Prof. Shamala Kumar - University of Peradeniya
95. Puni Selvaratnam - Women for Justice and Peace in Sri Lanka
96. R. Kounthini 
97. R. Saththiya
98. R.J. Surenthiraraj
99. Rajany Rajeshwary 
100. Rajkumar Rajeevkanth
101. Ramalingam Ranjan
102. Ramona Miranda
103. Rev. Andrew Devadason - Anglican Church, Diocese of Colombo 
104. Rev. Ashok Stephen OMI - Former Director, Centre for Society and Religion (CSR)
105. Rev. Christine Perera - Activist
106. Rev. Dr. Jason J. Selvaraja - Assembly of God in Sri Lanka
107. Rev. Dr. Jayasiri T. Peiris 
108. Rev. Fr. F.C.J. Gnanaraj
109. Rev. Fr. Jeyabalan Croos
110. Rev. Fr. Nandana Manatunga 
111. Rev. Fr. Terence Fernando 
112. Rev. Sr. Deepa Fernando 
113. Rev. Sr. Nichola Emmanuel 
114. Rev. Sr. Noel Christine Fernando
115. Rev. Sr. Rasika Pieris HF
116. Reyaan Nadesarajah 
117. Rohan Wickramaratne
118. Rohini Dep Weerasinghe
119. Rohini Hensman - Writer, researcher and activist
120. Ruki Fernando
121. Ruwan Laknath Jayakody
122. S. Easwaran
123. S. Ethayarani 
124. S. Kopika 
125. S. Mariyarosalin 
126. S. Niththi
127. S. Tharsan
128. S. Thileepan
129. S. Weerapriya 
130. Sabra Zahid 
131. Sahayam Thilipan
132. Sampath Gunaratne
133. Sampath Samarakoon
134. Sandun Thudugala
135. Sanjana Hattotuwa
136. Sankha Ranadheera 
137. Sarah Arumugam
138. Saritha Irugalbandara
139. Selvaraja Rajasegar - Editor, Maatram.org
140. Shamalee de Silva Parizeau
141. Sharmini Ratnayake
142. Sharmini Wickramaratne
143. Shivantha Rathnayake
144. Shreen Saroor 
145. Sitralega Maunaguru - Independent Feminist Researcher, Batticaloa
146. Sonali Deraniyagala
147. Srinath Perera
148. Subram Ramaswamy 
149. Suchith Abeyewickreme - Social Activist
150. Sunanda Deshapriya
151. Suren D. Perera, Attorney-at-Law
152. Swasthika Arulingam 
153. Tanya Rajapakse
154. Thyagi Ruwanpathirana
155. Upeksha Thabrew
156. V. Shamini 
157. V. Sinthuka 
158. Velayudan Jayachithra 
159. Velusamy Weerasingham
160. Ven. Fr. Samuel J. Ponniah - Diocese of Colombo, Church of Ceylon
161. Venuri Perera
162. Viraj Abayarathna
163. Visakha Tillekeratne - Past Chief Commissioner, Sri Lanka Girl Guides & Ex-
Co member, MONLAR
164. Wimal Jayakody
165. Yalini Dream


1. Centre for Human Rights and Development (CHRD)
2. Centre for Policy Alternatives (CPA)
3. Dabindu Collective 
4. Families of the Disappeared (FoD)
5. Forum for Affected Families Mannar
6. Human Rights Office (HRO)
7. Maynmai, Anti-Caste Feminist Collective
8. National Fisheries Solidarity Movement (NAFSO)
9. Reconciliation and Peace Desk, Diocese of Colombo
10. Revolutionary existence for human development (RED)

(28th July, 2022)

by     (2022-07-29 11:13:58)

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